What is the process for diagnosing a TBI?

Most victims who believe they have suffered a TBI are initially seen in an emergency room. Because of the seriousness of a TBI and the potential for a TBI to worsen rapidly, doctors usually need to assess the situation as quickly as possible. When there is evidence of gross damage to the brain, such as hemorrhaging, swelling or contusions, these physical findings are detected by CAT-scan (CT scan) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The Glasgow Coma Scale is also used in an ER setting to determine the likelihood that a patient has suffered a brain injury. The test focuses on a patient’s ability to follow directions, remember information and move their eyes and limbs. If a TBI is suspected, further tests such as a CT scan or an MRI are usually conducted to determine the type and extent of the brain injury.

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